What You Need to Know About Testicular Cancer

For many men, a monthly, painless self-examination could catch a relatively rare but highly treatable form of cancer. Primarily affecting young men, testicular cancer is the leading cancer in men ages 15-35, according to the Testicular Cancer Awareness Foundation. Increasing early detection of this disease is critical, as it is 95 percent curable when caught early. In order to save lives, everyone should have an understanding of this condition and how they can be on the look-out.

What is Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells in one or both testicles begin to grow uncontrollably. While it is relatively rare compared to other types of cancer, it is the most common cancer among young men, but can occur at any age. Approximately 1 of every 250 American males will develop testicular cancer at some point in their lifetime, according to the American Cancer Society. Understanding the risk factors and being aware of potential signs and symptoms can aid in early detection and prompt treatment.

Testicular Cancer Risk Factors

Several factors can increase your for developing testicular cancer, including:

  • Age – Testicular cancer most commonly occurs in young and middle-aged men, with the highest incidence between the ages of 15 and 35.
  • Cryptorchidism – Undescended testicles, a condition in which one or both testicles fail to descend into the scrotum before birth, increase the risk of testicular cancer.
  • Family History – Having a family history of testicular cancer may increase the likelihood of developing the disease.
  • Personal History – Men who have previously had testicular cancer are at higher risk of developing it in the other testicle.
  • Race and Ethnicity – Testicular cancer is more common in white men compared to men of other racial and ethnic backgrounds.

Testicular Cancer Symptoms

Like many forms of cancer, early detection of testicular cancer is critical for treatment. It’s important to note that not all lumps or changes in the testicles indicate cancer, but any unusual changes should be evaluated by a healthcare professional promptly. Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  • A painless lump or swelling in either testicle
  • Changes in the size or shape of the testicle
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • Pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum
  • A dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin

Testicular Cancer Diagnosis & Treatment

If testicular cancer is suspected, a healthcare provider will conduct a thorough physical examination and may recommend further tests, such as ultrasound, blood tests, or biopsy, to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment options for testicular cancer may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends on various factors, including the type and stage of cancer, as well as the individual’s overall health and preferences.

Treatment for Testicular Cancer in Newport News, VA

Regular self-examination of the testicles is a simple yet crucial step in early detection. Men should perform monthly self-exams to check for any abnormalities, such as lumps, swelling, or changes in texture. Additionally, regular medical check-ups allow healthcare providers to monitor for any signs or symptoms of testicular cancer and provide timely intervention if needed.

By understanding the risk factors, recognizing signs and symptoms, and prioritizing regular self-examination and medical check-ups, men can take proactive steps to safeguard their health and well-being. Together, let’s spread awareness and empower individuals to prioritize their health and seek timely medical attention when needed.

If you suspect you may have testicular cancer, don’t delay. Contact TPMG Urology in Newport News today to learn more about next steps.


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